Traumatic experiences can have an immediate result commonly known as an acute reaction. For some people, the acute reaction lingers for days or weeks.


When the impact of trauma becomes long-term which means it has been ongoing for months or possibly years, this is known as a chronic condition.


Experiencing long-lasting events of a traumatic experience is life-altering for psychological, emotional and physical health.

If you are experiencing an acute or chronic response to a traumatic event, understanding how to reduce the distress is possible with support of a therapist like Dr. McElroy

Examples of traumatic experiences:

  • Accidents

  • Grief and loss

  • Invasive or recurring medical procedures

  • Severe bodily injury

  • Experiencing or witnessing violence

Childhood Abuse and Neglect (Adverse Childhood Experiences)

In the past 15-20 years, research has helped us gain a better understanding of how adverse childhood experiences (ACE's) impact the lives of adults.


Examples of ACE's are: physical abuse; sexual abuse; neglect; being exposed to domestic violence and violence in the community; having a parent/caregiver who used drugs or alcohol; living with a parent/caregiver with poorly treated mental health issues; having a parent in jail or prison.


Experiencing several ACE's puts you at greater risk of experiencing challenges with relationships, mental health concerns, and physical health problems. 


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